Coal and Clean Energy Options in Kentucky

Published By
Health Impact Project

The Kentucky Environmental Foundation conducted an HIA of coal and clean energy options in the state of Kentucky. The HIA provided a health-based screening of the life cycle of coal from point of extraction to disposal of byproducts. These impacts are compared to those associated with energy efficiency and renewable energy options proposed in the Clean Energy Opportunity Act as introduced in the 2011 and 2012 Kentucky legislative sessions. Development of this HIA included input from health professionals, health affected citizens, individuals working within the energy sector and professional researchers. The HIA found that public health is affected throughout the coal cycle, from air pollution and water contamination during mountaintop mining to greenhouse gas release during coal extraction and burning. The HIA made several recommendations, including that Kentucky legislators support diversification of the state’s energy portfolio and provide incentives for residents to use energy more efficiently.


This Health Impact Assessment Report first appeared in The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health. The Cross-Sector Toolkit for Health was originally developed by the Health Impact Project, formerly a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts. The creation of this resource was supported by a grant from the Health Impact Project. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Pew Charitable Trusts, or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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