Don’t Start and End with ACEs: How Protective Factors Explain Youth Health


The purpose of this study was to better understand what protective factors may mitigate the negative health impact of ACEs. They examined patterns of ACEs and family, school, and community-level protective factors, and how these patterns related to health in a nationally representative sample of youth. As expected, more ACEs were associated with worse health outcomes; but a number of protective factors (e.g. school engagement) also appeared to mitigate this risk.

 Related Topics

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Adverse Childhood Experiences

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Youth Mental Health

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Children and Youth

Data & Metrics

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Published on 09/01/2022